Microwave-Assisted Solution-Phase Synthesis and DART®-Mass Spectrometric Monitoring of a Combinatorial Library of Indolin-2,3-dione Schiff Bases with Potential Antimycobacterial Activity

Authors: Tarek Aboul-Fadl, Hatem A. Abdel-Aziz, Adnan Kadi, Pervez Ahmad, Tilal Elsaman, Mohamed W. Attwa, Ibrahim A. Darwish
Molecules 2011, Jun, 22, 16(6), 5194-206

 

A combinatorial library composed of eleven hydrazides A-K and eleven indolin-1,2-dione derivatives 1-11 has been designed to formally generate sublibraries of 22 mixtures, M(1)-M(22) comprising of 121 Schiff bases, A-K(1-11). The designed library has been synthesized by the solution-phase method and microwave-assisted synthetic techniques. The formation of individual compounds of each mixture was confirmed by Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART®) as ionization technique connected to an Ion Trap as a mass detector. The synthesized mixtures were evaluated for their antimycobacterial activity against four Mycobacterium strains; M. intercellulari, M. xenopi, M. cheleneoi and M. smegmatis. Variable antimycobacterial activity was revealed with the investigated mixtures and maximum activity was shown by M(8), M(10), M(11), and M(15) with MIC values of 1.5, 3.1, 6.2 and 0.09 ?g/mL, respectively. Application of the indexed method of analysis on these active mixtures revealed that compounds D(8), D(10) and D(11) may contribute to the activity of the tested mixtures.